The Second Edition of the Hikma Summit of International Relations aims to look "beyond crises", investigating those long-term processes that are not determined but only accelerated by ongoing crises.

The term "crisis", from the Greek krisis choice, from krino distinguish, has today taken on a negative, almost catastrophic connotation, but its etymology suggests looking at crises as moments of reflection, of evaluation. The choices that crises confront us with may prove to be prerequisites for positive change.

Our objective is to create an opportunity to look optimistically at change and innovation, involving young people in major policy discussions: sustainability, inequalities and technology.
SUSTAINABILITY
Inequalities are structural: they shape any intelligible phenomenon and matter within the most diverse societies. If we look beyond their cultural heritage, are we able to see how the Anthropocene is amplifying old and new inequalities?
Climate change is profoundly linked to the human modern way of life: the capitalist system has guided it since decades but it leads to many other symptoms of human incapability to integrate and interact on the Earth respectfully for future generations and the most vulnerable people which are suffering catastrophic encìvironmental instability. 
 
In this respect, other questions will need our response: is it possible for a revolution in this domain within the capitalist social and economic frame? We value consciousness, knowledge and commitment for a true deep analysis of causes and consequences of our actions in order to reverse those to which we are used to. Here it is our challenge: shape the future through changing crises into possibilities shifting from fault to occasion.

Changing climate in a changing World

Friday 14th 7pm
Robert Keohane
The problem of climate change continuously calls for a political response coordinated between countries. But are we sure about which is the best way to manage it at the supranational level? Should this current issue be tackled in a centralized way, or do nations better performe when they decide on their own?
Robert Keohane, one of the most prominent academics working in the field of IR, will analyze with us the management of climate change within the great international arena, trying to explain this necessary correlation under the lens of international relations.
 
 

Climate change and migrations: from local issues to global challenges

Friday 14th 10 am
Robert Keohane

Migration and climate change are two of the main challenge of the XXI century, but what is the existing relationship between the two issues? All the world is involved, directly or indirectly: drought, floods, hurricanes, exploitation of natural resources. But how the people are answering to this challenge? Fragile states are even more fragile and a percentage of world people still have no voice in claiming social justice and find out difficulties in applying to their right to escape a situation which they did not choose. The webinar aim to investigate these major nowadays' issues. Professor Mastrojeni will analyse the conflicts related to the issues and will have a focus on the complexity in the Mediterranean Sea. UNHCR's spokeperson Sami will delve the issue of climate change as structural cause of migration in its national and international dimension.

 

Climate policies and structural inequalities

Saturday 15th 7 pm
Robert Pollin

Inequalities are structural: they shape any intelligible phenomenon and matter within the most diverse societies. If we look beyond their cultural heritage, are we able to see how the Anthropocene is amplifying old and new inequalities?

Climate change is profoundly linked to the human modern way of life: the capitalist system has guided it since decades but it leads to many other symptoms of human incapability to integrate and interact on the Earth respectfully for future generations and the most vulnerable people which are suffering catastrophic encìvironmental instability.

 

In this respect, other questions will need our response: is it possible for a revolution in this domain within the capitalist social and economic frame? How should we act in terms of political communities and economic actors? How can we save time in order to allow to needing, displaced, poor global citizens not to pay the consequences of the responsibility of rich ones?

INEQUALITIES 

There was once the American Dream, founded by tenacious people ready to climb the ladder of class; but is it possible to climb it today, or better still does this ladder really exist? It depends on who you ask. Globalisation has extinguished poverty to a large extent, but the price has been the immobility of those who are the poorest and the richest in the world.

The former can’t climb, the latter can’t fall. 

 

During HSIR we will delve into nowadays inequalities by analyzing the economic and sociologic causes and by exploring the political consequences arising from that, regarding work, migration and gender gap. From this Summit you will be able to grasp the framework from which much of what we experience nowadays originates, through the tools provided by the contributions of our outstanding speakers and the possibility of engaging in debates with fellow students.

Global Inequalities in an ever-changing world

We live in a time of increasing inequalities. Indeed, the pandemic has exacerbated economic disparities across the globe, dramatically affecting many people’s lives. Global disparities have been growing for long in the last decades, and many started to look at them as a normal feature of our reality.

But it hasn’t been always like that. Why has this happened?

 

Professor Stiglitz will help us to answer this question by looking at the roots of the problem. With him, we aim to get a better understanding of the structural pattern of global inequality. We will try to understand what’s gone wrong in these last years and what can be done to improve the system in the future.

 

Saturday 15th 5 pm
Joseph Stiglitz

Feminism and I.R.: old and new issues

The webinar aims at gaining a deeper knowledge of the fundamental patterns of lack of equalitarian and progressive means to break socio-political relations of domination and oppression. 

 

The expertise of the Ann Tickner will lead us towards understanding what's next for International Relations and how human, empathic, economic equalities among gender may contribute to the fulfillment of global objects in terms of solidarity and inclusion and the overcoming of its challanges. 

 

Starting from how the I.R. needed a gender approach in order to complete and realistically define the complex world we live in, we will stress together some of key phenomena of International Politics which are subjected to the lack of an open perspective and how this insufficiency is linked with the traditional narration of the I.R.

 

Sunday 16th 5 pm
J. Ann Tickner

Power to the People: solutions to economic conflicts

 

 

How the race for resources, the struggle for better living possibilities and labour exploitation are linked to inequalities generated by economic advancements?

We will debate such complex and fundamental issues which involve our everyday life as citizens, consumers and individuals aiming at identifying the connection between social changes and the process of equality concretisation.

 

In this light, the most vulnerable people affected by global market failures will be the starting point of our reflection as some civil society outmost examples teach global leaders how to restore hope onto a fair and equal global trade.

Friday 14th 5 pm
Harriet Lamb

TECHNOLOGY

If great announcements in history are shaped by technological innovation, at what stage are we now?

 

International Politics faces day to day challenges in the sector of technological issue: from securing from cyber warfare to allowing full access to digitalisation from artificial intelligence to surveillance, from information truth to freedom of speech and social media.

 

Which is the impact of new technological innovations on international relations and conflicts development? HSIR is the occasion to gain the perspective of global policy makers and experts around the main technological and digital advancements that are restructuring governance efforts for security and cooperation. Our aim is to comprehend how to act in the future for security and justice in these particular sectors.

Ethics among Urban Surveillance and sustainable access to information

Friday 14th 21 pm
David Murakami Wood and Giovanni Ziccardi

In a panel between two worldwide recognized experts of surveillance, we will analyze its ethical implications and how they impact governments, society, and information. In particular, the guest will describe how security and surveillance develop through the usage of cameras in cities: the ethical standards followed by goverments implementing such surveillance systems, its connections with investments and big powers, and the consequences on people's freedom.

 

They will analyse the effect of surveillance on free information: they will develop a journey from the sources of information, used by journalists and academics, to the citizens, exploring how the digital age renders it easier to control infomation and consequently the public opinion, as well as posing risks for those who spread information on a daily basis.

The surveillance capitalism

Tech companies such as Google, Microsoft, Amazon and Facebook persuaded us to give up our privacy for the sake of convenience and our personal information gathered by these companies are used to predict our behaviour, to influence and modify it.

 

This is the “surveillance capitalism”. How this has disastrous consequences for democracy and freedom?

How will this fusion of capitalism and the digital shape our values and define our future? Professor Zuboff will help us to answer these questions.

Sunday 16th 6.30 pm
Shoshana Zuboff